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  • Introduce a discussion of the ways that artists bring attention to aspects of life and the human and natural environments that might otherwise be overlooked. Enlarge the discussion to emphasize choices that artists make when they pick their subject matter and art-making materials. Help the students discuss some of the distinguishing characteristics of Martha Glowacki's style, including use of materials, techniques and subject matter.
  • Give the students star charts without established constellation figures marked on them (either real star charts or fabricated star patterns). Invite the students to invent constellations, looking for patterns in the stars. Encourage them to create stories for their constellations. You may download a map from
  • Ask students to research and compile reports on the effects of development and deforestation on bird populations and then develop innovative answers to problems of habitat reduction and interruptions in migratory routes. You may obtain information at
    1. World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Protected areas around the world
    2. World Wildlife Fund
    3. The Nature Conservancy
    4. Partners in Flight
    5. The Crane Foundation
    6. The Audubon Society
    7. Birdlife International
    8. Wildlands CPR is a national clearinghouse and network, created by a core group of sixteen organizations concerned about the dramatic ecological impacts of wildland roads on public lands.
    9. Migrating Birds Know No Boundaries
  • Engage the students in creating poems about discovery and wonder in regard to watching birds arrive and depart each year, or viewing constellations, or scientific exploration and experimentation. One approach to this process might be the Exquisite Corpse game. Divide the class into groups of six to eight students. Give each group a sheet of paper. Instruct them to take turns writing a seven-to-twelve word sentence or question about the designated theme onto their group's sheet of paper, folding up each sentence to hide it before passing the paper along to the next student. (They may need to turn away from each other so they won't see what each person is writing.) When all the students have written their sentences, read the grouped sentences aloud to the class. Then engage the class in finding ways to edit some of the lines to help them fit more gracefully into a "poem."

Links to other teaching-learning sites
Focused on motivating students to explore the migration patterns of birds, this site enables students to make migration applicable to their own lives by tracking migration habits, role-playing flight processes, and creating computer simulations of newly hatching birds.
This site, from the City of Chicago, includes learning pages and lesson plans on biodiversity and bird conservation.
Run by the National Biological Information Infrastructure, this space includes descriptions of educational sites by age group.
Journey North is an Internet-based program that engages students in investigations of wildlife migration and seasonal change. Each year, thousands of students and their teachers across North America come together to experience the annual cycle through observation, inquiry, research, and the sharing of data. Access to the Journey North Web site is free.
The Smithsonian Institution Migratory Bird Center provides lively information about bird migration
This National Zoo site offers an excellent online migration game that asks, "Can you help Wanda the Wood Thrush travel from her winter home in Costa Rica to her summer home in Maryland?"


Especially for Younger Students:

  • Schatz, D., Astronomy Activity Book, Simon and Schuster. 1991.
  • Mitton, J. and Balit, C., Zoo in the Sky: A Book of Animal Constellations, National Geographic, 1998.
  • Gans, R., How Do Birds Find Their Way? New York: HarperCollins, 1996.
  • Lerner, Carol. On the Wing: American Birds in Migration, New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2001.
  • Williams, N., How Birds Fly, New York: Benchmark Books, 1997.
  • Cherry, L., Flute's Journey, Gulliver Green Books, 1997.
  • Arnold, C., Birds: Nature's Magnificent Flying Machines, Charlesbridge, 2003.
  • Bishop, N., The Secrets of Animal Flight, Houghton Mifflin, 1997.

Especially for Older Students:

  • Driscoll, M. and Hamilton, M., A Child's Introduction to the Night Sky: The Story of the Stars, Planets, and Constellations--and How You Can Find Them in the Sky, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2004.
  • Mitton, J and Balit, C., Once upon a Starry Night: a Book of Constellations, National Geographic, 2004
  • Rey, H. A., Find the Constellations, Houghton-Mifflin, 1976.
  • Chartrand, M. and Tirion, W., and Mechler, G., National Audubon Society Pocket Guide to Constellations of the Northern Skies, National Audubon Society, 1995.
  • Kerrod, R., The Book of Constellations: Discover the Secrets in the Stars, Barron's Educational Series, 2002.
  • Weidensaul, S., Tison, A., Taylor, T., Birds, (National Audubon Society First Field Guides), National Audubon Society. 1998.
  • Arnold, C., Hawk Highway in the Sky: Watching Raptor Migration, Gulliver Green Books, 1997.
  • Caduto, M. and Bruchac, J., Keepers of the Night: Native American Stories and Nocturnal Activities for Children, Fulcrum Publishing, 1994.