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Cabinet, by Martha Glowacki
Martha Glowacki, Starry Transit, 2004, wood, glass, brass, copper, bird carcasses, paper, pigments.
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Sculptures are works of art with three dimensions: height, width and depth. Sculptures are created by carving, modeling, constructing, or casting a material that will exist in real space. A sculpture may be viewed in the round, that is, from all sides, or in low relief in which shapes protrude slightly from the background.

Installations are groups of objects that are created specifically for a particular space and may be situated in non-traditional places for art, such as industrial buildings or public spaces. Rather than being viewed separately, the components of an installation are intended to communicate an idea or theme as a whole. Often, viewers are intended to be part of the art environment, interacting with elements of the installation to transform the presentation.

Phenakistoscope, by Martha Glowacki
Martha Glowacki, Phenakistoscope, 2005, cast iron, brass, wood, paper, 57-1/2 inches high x 19 inches long x 16 inches deep.
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Assemblage is an artistic method in which sculptures are created from a variety of objects normally used for everyday purposes rather than as art materials. The objects may be found or constructed by the artist and joined together to make three-dimensional compositions.

Starry Transit: An Installation by Martha Glowacki, MMoCA's exhibition at University of Wisconsin-Madison's Washburn Observatory, interprets the phenomenon of bird migration as it has been investigated by scientific explorers. For the exhibition, the artist has used assemblage to construct a tableau of birds and astronomical models in a simulated nineteenth century cabinet of curiosities, as well as to construct sculptures that interpret historical inventions.

Installation View, Washburn Observatory
Installation view, Martha Glowacki, Starry Transit, interior of Washburn Observatory.